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Solid gold artifacts found on a farm in Russia, suggests Scythian ritual grounds location

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The Scythians were Eurasian nomads, who traveled the continental landmass of Europe and Asia from about 9th century BC up until the 4th century ADThey were known as great horsemen, warriors, and invaders, therefore portrayed as such on artifacts discovered throughout time, an example of which is a gold comb, dating to the late 5th to earth 4th century B.C found in a royal tomb of Solokha, Eastern Ukraine.

Separate tribes spoke the same language and were united in some ways, but not believed to be governed by one body.  Historic finds reveal that separate tribes had, for example, differences in their artistic expression as well as burial practices. They also had no written language. Being constantly on the move left no traces of settlement. Most of what we know today about them are from writings of other cultures of which the main source is the Greeks. The word Scythian was first used by the Greek historian Herodotus.


About 30 miles east of Stavropol, stands a burial mound, called a kurg…

Kaliakra treasure of Bulgaria likely buried by Tatar commander


Kaliakra Fortress is located on the coast of the Black Sea in northern Bulgaria. It is of Byzantine Greek origin. In modern days tourists can view the ruins of the once magnificent fortress and remains of unstable history.

View of some of the ruins at Kaliakra

The floor of an old house, which was built directly on the ruins of ancient buildings, dating back to the Middle Ages was discovered nearby and hidden underneath it, a clay pot with coins, jewelry and other valuables was found.


The clay pot with contents

The soil inside the pot was carefully removed and the contents revealed: 873 gold and silver coins, 11 fittings and buckles, 28 silver and bronze buttons, several gold earrings, a gold ring and metal and four gold beads studded with gems.  A total of 957 objects.

Gold ring from the treasure

The coins are mostly Ottoman and the rest Bulgarian issues. Most of the Ottoman coins are from the reign of Sultan Bayazid Yildirum (1389-1402). The rest are older and dates to the reign of his predecessor Murad I (1362-1389)
A large percentage of the Bulgarian coins were minted under the reign of Emperor Ivan Alexander (1331-1371). The coins are particularly small due to the economic crisis which has befallen Bulgaria at the time.
The 20 gold Byzantine hyperpyron, are amongst others, John V Palaiologos and his mother Anna of Savoy (1341 until 1347).

One of the gold coins found inside the pot

The area was part of the Despotate of Dobruja during the 14th century and under the control of Dobrotitsa, a Bulgarian noble. He declared Kaliakra capital and sent his navy out on the Black Sea to join in alliance with Venice against Genoa. He also fought the Ottoman, of whom Murad I was the Sultan at the time.


Dobrotitsa’s son Ivanko ascended the throne in 1386 and made some major changes by signing a peace agreement with the Ottoman sultan and Genoa.  He moved the capital to Varna.

The coins following restoration

Regardless of the hope for peace, the Ottomans desire to conquer resulted in further war and Ivanko was killed in 1388 fighting the Ottomans at Varna. Mircea I of Wallachia (a former vassal state of Dobruja) Romania took power. And the Byzantine Empire ruled from 1413.
The Tartars of Aktav invaded Varna and occupied the fortress at Kaliakra during the 14th century. In 1401 they were defeated by the Ottoman.



The house in which the treasure was buried would have been occupied by someone with power and it was likely a Tartar commander who's home was burned down during the attack and the treasure he collected, remained hidden under the floor.
The Tartars of Aktav invaded Varna and occupied the fortress at Kaliakra during the 14th century. In 1401 they were defeated by the Ottoman.

The clay pot and contents following restoration

The house in which the treasure was buried would have been occupied by someone with power and it was likely a Tartar commander who's home was burned down during the attack and the treasure he collected, remained hidden under the floor.

 
                       

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