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Oldest golden coin discovered in Slovenia first of a very rare type Alexander the Great stater

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A field in Bela Krajina, which was initially farmland, delivered a surprise find of an extremely rare golden Celtic coin dating back to 3rd century BC, which has only been found elsewhere in Europe before.  
It was attached to a bronze belt which was not intact enough to restore, but organic material preserved on the belt could potentially provide the possibility of carbon dating. The condition of the coin itself is well preserved.
Ceramics and iron weapons found in close proximity initially indicates the date to be around 3rd century BC.



It is the oldest coin found in Slovenia and a Celtic imitation of an Alexander the Great stater which features on one side an image of the goddess Nike and the other that of Athena.  
Celtic tribes brought the concept of using Staters as currency to Western and Central Europe, following their service as mercenaries in north Greece.  Gold staters were minted in Gaul by Gallic chiefs imitated the staters of Philip II of Macedonia, which found their way to …

Farmer receives €773,000 for discovery of bronze horse head which rewrote history

Front view of the bronze horse head on display

A search of a farmer's land in Lahnau, Germany became very interesting when lots of bronze fragments were uncovered, the trail of buried fragments lead to a 36-foot well in which a bronze horse head, life-sized, weighing 28 pounds, covered with gold and adorned with golden leaves were found. 
The year 9 A.D marked the event of an ambush from German warriors on three legions of Roman soldiers led by general Publius Quinctilius Varus. The Germans destroyed their enemies, the surviving Romans retreated and set up a northern perimeter along the Rhine River. It was believed that prior to this event, Germans and Romans did not live alongside each other and did not trade either. However, along with the bronze horse head, a complete Roman settlement, dating back to 4 B.C, covering approximately 20 acres with no military buildings and no signs of battle, shows that the Romans were living next to and traded peacefully with Germans for years, right up until the Teutoburg defeat. 
It is believed that after the site was abandoned, statues which stood in the settlement may likely have been smashed and recycled for their metal content as fragments of bronze were found scattered across the settlement. 

Side view of the horse head

Metal was very precious in those days, therefore it is assumed that the horse head did not end up in the well by accident but may have been thrown into the well as part of a ritual ceremony and the statue's head was used to cover the sacrificial offering. The bronze horse head is believed to have been apart of a set of 4 life-sized statues, complete with rider, as there were 4 statue pedestals for life-size statues of riders on horses, also, part of a bronze sandal was found nearby. The farmer on whose land the findings were made received €773,000 and the recovered items are now on display at the museum.

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