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Oldest golden coin discovered in Slovenia first of a very rare type Alexander the Great stater

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A field in Bela Krajina, which was initially farmland, delivered a surprise find of an extremely rare golden Celtic coin dating back to 3rd century BC, which has only been found elsewhere in Europe before.  
It was attached to a bronze belt which was not intact enough to restore, but organic material preserved on the belt could potentially provide the possibility of carbon dating. The condition of the coin itself is well preserved.
Ceramics and iron weapons found in close proximity initially indicates the date to be around 3rd century BC.



It is the oldest coin found in Slovenia and a Celtic imitation of an Alexander the Great stater which features on one side an image of the goddess Nike and the other that of Athena.  
Celtic tribes brought the concept of using Staters as currency to Western and Central Europe, following their service as mercenaries in north Greece.  Gold staters were minted in Gaul by Gallic chiefs imitated the staters of Philip II of Macedonia, which found their way to …

Talisman for warding off evil spirits in Middle Ages found in Norfolk

St.Anthony.
A  silver gilt cross with size 14mm by 12mm (0.5in by 0.4in) from the 15th Century was recently found by a metal detectorist near Wramplingham in Norfolk.

During the Middle Ages, a feared disease named  St Anthony's Fire, affecting both humans and livestock, which caused dreadful symptoms developed in Europe and soon became widespread.
It was initially believed to be the cause of bewitchment, therefore supersticious people would wear a talisman in the form of a cross in an attempt to ward off the evil spirits.

Norfolk's finds liaison officer for the county's Historic Environment Service, Julie Shoemark said that the symptoms were, amongst others, mania, convulsions, skin lesions and in the progressive stage, gangrene.

The name St.Anthony's Fire came about after the disease broke out in France and hospitals were specially erected to treat victims. Gaston de la Valloire a nobleman of the DauphinĂ©, was the founder of these hospitals and dedicated them to Saint Anthony (c.251-356) who was one of the earliest monks and considered the founder and father of organized Christian monasticism, who's rule represented one of the first attempts to codify guidelines for monastic living.  Monks from the Order of St.Anthony treated people infected with the disease in those hospitals.

The word "fire" refers to the burning sensations people experienced during the gangrenous stage of the disease.

 It was not until 1670 that a French physician, Dr. Thuillier discovered the cause after realizing it was not contagious. It was caused by a fungus infection in Rye named Ergot and spread to humans through consumption.
Rye bread was very popular during that time amongst poor and middle class people.  The name of the disease was changed to Ergotism.
The latest outbreak of Ergotism has been reported in 1951, in a French village called Pont Saint Esprit.  About 1 in 20 people in the village of 4000 contracted the disease, as the cause is known, it was possible to halt it's progression.

The medieval cross was declared a treasure and Norwich Castle Museum hopes to buy it for display.


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