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22 Gold plates dating back to the 8th century with divine inscriptions found in Jakarta

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A group of people discovered 22 gold plates with ancient inscriptions inside a box in Ringilarik village in Java, Indonesia.
One of the founders named Sumardi said that when they found it amongst a pile of rocks, it appeared to be a jewellery
box which was clearly not of modern age and they were astonished to view the contents.

Mr. Gutomo, an official with the Central Java Heritage Conservation Agency (BPCB) confirmed that the golden plates
dates back to the 8th century, 18 carats and the inscription of eight names of cardinal and orinal directions of Dewa
Lokapala's windgods is in ancient Javanese letter. He said the founder and landowner will both receive compensation for
this valuable discovery which provides insight in to ancient history. Following the find, the structure of a candi (Buddhist
or Hindu temple) was also found at the same location.Other findings in the area on separate occassion were a Mahakala
statue, which is estimated to be from the Shiva Hindu period in the …

Talisman for warding off evil spirits in Middle Ages found in Norfolk

St.Anthony.
A  silver gilt cross with size 14mm by 12mm (0.5in by 0.4in) from the 15th Century was recently found by a metal detectorist near Wramplingham in Norfolk.

During the Middle Ages, a feared disease named  St Anthony's Fire, affecting both humans and livestock, which caused dreadful symptoms developed in Europe and soon became widespread.
It was initially believed to be the cause of bewitchment, therefore supersticious people would wear a talisman in the form of a cross in an attempt to ward off the evil spirits.

Norfolk's finds liaison officer for the county's Historic Environment Service, Julie Shoemark said that the symptoms were, amongst others, mania, convulsions, skin lesions and in the progressive stage, gangrene.

The name St.Anthony's Fire came about after the disease broke out in France and hospitals were specially erected to treat victims. Gaston de la Valloire a nobleman of the Dauphiné, was the founder of these hospitals and dedicated them to Saint Anthony (c.251-356) who was one of the earliest monks and considered the founder and father of organized Christian monasticism, who's rule represented one of the first attempts to codify guidelines for monastic living.  Monks from the Order of St.Anthony treated people infected with the disease in those hospitals.

The word "fire" refers to the burning sensations people experienced during the gangrenous stage of the disease.

 It was not until 1670 that a French physician, Dr. Thuillier discovered the cause after realizing it was not contagious. It was caused by a fungus infection in Rye named Ergot and spread to humans through consumption.
Rye bread was very popular during that time amongst poor and middle class people.  The name of the disease was changed to Ergotism.
The latest outbreak of Ergotism has been reported in 1951, in a French village called Pont Saint Esprit.  About 1 in 20 people in the village of 4000 contracted the disease, as the cause is known, it was possible to halt it's progression.

The medieval cross was declared a treasure and Norwich Castle Museum hopes to buy it for display.


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