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Solid gold artifacts found on a farm in Russia, suggests Scythian ritual grounds location

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The Scythians were Eurasian nomads, who traveled the continental landmass of Europe and Asia from about 9th century BC up until the 4th century ADThey were known as great horsemen, warriors, and invaders, therefore portrayed as such on artifacts discovered throughout time, an example of which is a gold comb, dating to the late 5th to earth 4th century B.C found in a royal tomb of Solokha, Eastern Ukraine.

Separate tribes spoke the same language and were united in some ways, but not believed to be governed by one body.  Historic finds reveal that separate tribes had, for example, differences in their artistic expression as well as burial practices. They also had no written language. Being constantly on the move left no traces of settlement. Most of what we know today about them are from writings of other cultures of which the main source is the Greeks. The word Scythian was first used by the Greek historian Herodotus.


About 30 miles east of Stavropol, stands a burial mound, called a kurg…

Medieval knight's longsword found in Poland


 Mr.Wojciech Kot from Mircze, Poland found an intact late medieval longsword in a peat bog. The find has been handed over to Stanislw Staszic Museum in Hrubieszów. The exact location of where it was found is kept secret.
The sword has a cruciform handle and missing its original hilt, which would have been made out of either, antler, wood or bone.
It is corroded due to the time spent buried in a wetland, but intact from pommel to tip. Its excellent condition reveals that there are no signs of it deliberately discarded.

The sword features a cruciform handle, it's original hilt would have been antler, wood or bone.

Mr. Bartłomiej Bartecki, director of Stanisław Staszic Museum in Hrubieszów said that it is possible that the knight was pulled into the mash or lost his sword in the peat bog. These items in original form had a surprisingly low weight of just 1.5 kilos (3.3 lbs) despite its size of 120 centimeters (4 feet) long.  The sword was an agile weapon for knights in battle during the 14th century with its lightweight, long reach and elongated grip for two-handed use.  A unique mark of an isosceles cross inside a heraldic shield is displayed on the back and the symbol represents the maker's mark engraved by a blacksmith.
Historical records reveal that the site where the item was uncovered was at first populated by few hunting lodges surrounded by forest.  The region was part of Ruthenia (Kievan Rus) at the time and later part of the Kingdom of Poland in 1366, following the dissolution of the Rus. A castle was built by the Polish governor in Hrubieszow during the late 14th century. It is possible that the knight to whom the sword belonged may have been in the area as there was employment opportunity at the time.

Another view of the sword's handle

Archaeologists will carry out an excavation in hopes of finding additionally related artifacts. The sword is currently in Warsaw, where it will be conserved, stabilized and analyzed by experts.  Any marks may be useful in helping to identify the owner, for example, characters engraved on the blade's top, beneath the handle indicates a particular family or knight.  Following these procedures, it will be returned to the museum in Hrubieszów, where it will go on display.

Polish knight with sword

Finds of this kind are often without the knowledge of the area, specifically the exact spot where it was found.  Due to the responsible action of Mr.Wojcieh Kot, who declared the item, including the place of origin, the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage will grant him a reward.
 
                       

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