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Solid gold artifacts found on a farm in Russia, suggests Scythian ritual grounds location

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The Scythians were Eurasian nomads, who traveled the continental landmass of Europe and Asia from about 9th century BC up until the 4th century ADThey were known as great horsemen, warriors, and invaders, therefore portrayed as such on artifacts discovered throughout time, an example of which is a gold comb, dating to the late 5th to earth 4th century B.C found in a royal tomb of Solokha, Eastern Ukraine.

Separate tribes spoke the same language and were united in some ways, but not believed to be governed by one body.  Historic finds reveal that separate tribes had, for example, differences in their artistic expression as well as burial practices. They also had no written language. Being constantly on the move left no traces of settlement. Most of what we know today about them are from writings of other cultures of which the main source is the Greeks. The word Scythian was first used by the Greek historian Herodotus.


About 30 miles east of Stavropol, stands a burial mound, called a kurg…

Largest solidus coin hoard in the Netherlands uncovered.

Coins from the hoard

Mark Volleberg found 23 Roman gold coins while metal detecting on an orchard in Lienden, a village outside Buren in the central Dutch province of Gelderland. Metal detectorists Dik van Ommeren and Cees-Jan van de Pol also discovered eight gold coins on the same orchard in 2012.
Archival research revealed Roman gold has been found on the same property since 1840.

The land originally belonged to Baron van Brakell. Further finds were made in 1905 and again in 1916.  A total of 42 pieces were unearthed over the years there. Unfortunately, the whereabouts of the earlier found coins are unknown.
All are solidi which were a pure gold coin issued originally by Constantine in the late Roman Empire and then by following emperors and minted over more than 80 years, dating to the late 4th, early 5th century.  A diversity of time periods and emperors is not uncommon for late Roman solidus hoards. These coins were not in regular circulation because they were very valuable and worth years of pay for most workers, therefore, those who owned them collected and hoarded them for years, even generations.


An apple orchard

The hoard includes a solidus minted by Emperor Flavius Julius Valerius Majorianus (c. AD 420 – August 7, 461) which was the last known Roman tax coin from the Netherlands and the West. The National Service for Cultural Heritage carried out an excavation on the land. No more related items or clues as to why they were buried there was found.
During the excavation, archaeologists discovered a tomb with bones, but carbon dating revealed it was inhumation burials dating to a time far earlier, approximately 1800 B.C. (Middle Bronze Age).
Archaeologists believe the hoard was buried around 460 A.D.and the Middle Bronze Age tomb was likely on what was then a hill which would have been a recognizable spot on the landscape and easy to find once the depositor was ready to collect it. The hill was likely flattened in the 1840s to create farmland. At that time the coins started turning up.
The coins are now on display at Museum Valkhof in Nijmegen.

 
                     

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